Twenty-four research programs have been identified to respond to the various challenges and needs to develop appropriate technologies. They include:

Cereal crops - Cotton crop - Oilseed crops -  Sugarcane crop - Grain legume crops - Vegetable crops and medicinal plants - Fruit crops and ornamentals - Forage crops - Gum Arabic - Forestry - Land and water - Crops protection - Food processing - Agricultural engineering - socioeconomics - Pesticides - Biotechnology - Genetic resources.

In each program research thrusts are identified, weighted and prioritized according to economic importance, export potential, food security etc.

Each program attempts to develop a comprehensive set of technologies to meet the changing requirement of diverse stockholders. Research areas include:

- Germplasm enhancement.

-    Improvement of production factors.

-   Improvement of crop protection factors.

-    Improvement of post harvest activities.


     Programs attempt to be:

- Oriented towards solving problems.

-   Inclined towards farming systems approach.

-   Cooperative and multidisciplinary.

-   Developed through the participation of clients, scientists and top management.

-   Prioritized and funds and facilities allocated accordingly.

-  Give socioeconomic analysis a leading role in orientation of research.

            - Programs are led by deputy D.G. for programs and national coordinators.

            -  Scientists at the station/center level propose their relevant projects to the national


            -    Projects are reviewed and approved at the headquarters level.

             -    Monitoring and evaluation are the responsibility of the program committee

                consisted of the program leaders and led by the Director General.